Vaccination-induced IgG response to Galalpha1-3GalNAc glycan epitopes in lambs protected against Haemonchus contortus challenge infection.

Citation:

van Stijn CMW, van den Broek M, Vervelde L, Alvarez RA, Cummings RD, Tefsen B, van Die I. Vaccination-induced IgG response to Galalpha1-3GalNAc glycan epitopes in lambs protected against Haemonchus contortus challenge infection. Int J Parasitol. 2010;40 (2) :215-22.

Date Published:

2010 Feb

Abstract:

Lambs vaccinated with Haemonchus contortus excretory/secretory (ES) glycoproteins in combination with the adjuvant Alhydrogel are protected against H. contortus challenge infection. Using glycan micro-array analysis we showed that serum from such vaccinated lambs contains IgG antibodies that recognise the glycan antigen Galalpha1-3GalNAc-R and GalNAcbeta1-4(Fucalpha1-3)GlcNAc-R. Our studies revealed that H. contortus glycoproteins contain Galalpha1-3Gal-R as well as significant levels of Galalpha1-3GalNAc-R, which has not been previously reported. Extracts from H. contortus adult worms contain a galactosyltransferase acting on glycan substrates with a terminal GalNAc, indicating that the worms possess the enzymatic potential to synthesise terminal Gal-GalNAc moieties. These data illustrate that glycan micro-arrays constitute a promising technology for fast and specific analysis of serum anti-glycan antibodies in vaccination studies. In addition, this approach facilitates the discovery of novel, antigenic parasite glycan antigens that may have potential for developing glycoconjugate vaccines or utilization in diagnostics.