Cellular O-Glycome Reporter/Amplification (CORA): Analytical and Preparative Tools to Study Mucin-Type O-Glycans of Living Cells

Citation:

Kudelka MR, Li Z, Chernova TA, Smith DF, Song X, Cummings RD, Ju T. Cellular O-Glycome Reporter/Amplification (CORA): Analytical and Preparative Tools to Study Mucin-Type O-Glycans of Living Cells. Curr Protoc. 2021;1 (6) :e142.

Date Published:

2021 Jun

Abstract:

Mucin-type O-glycosylation (O-glycans, O-glycome) is among the most biologically important post-translational modification in glycoproteins but O-glycan structural diversity and expression are poorly understood due to the inadequacy of current analytical methods. We recently developed a new tool termed cellular O-glycome reporter/amplification (CORA), which uses O-glycan precursors, benzyl-α-GalNAc (Bn-α-GalNAc) or azido-Bn-α-GalNAc (N3 -Bn-α-GalNAc), as surrogates of protein O-glycosylation. Living cells metabolically convert these precursors to all types of O-GalNAc glycans representative of the cells' capabilities. The amplification and secretion of the O-glycome products greatly facilitates their analysis and functional studies. Here we describe protocols for analytical and preparative applications. © 2021 The Authors. Current Protocols published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. Basic Protocol 1: Cellular O-glycome reporter/amplification for the analysis of mucin-type O-glycans from living cells Basic Protocol 2: Preparation of cellular O-glycans from living cells for functional glycomics and glycan microarrays Basic Protocol 3: Conjugation of cellular O-glycans with a bifunctional fluorescent tag Basic Protocol 4: 2D-HPLC purification and MALDI-TOF/MS identification of individual PYAB-Bn-O-glycan.