Detection of phosphatidylserine exposure on leukocytes following treatment with human galectins.

Citation:

Arthur CM, Rodrigues LC, Baruffi MD, Sullivan HC, Cummings RD, Stowell SR. Detection of phosphatidylserine exposure on leukocytes following treatment with human galectins. Methods Mol Biol. 2015;1207 :185-200.

Date Published:

2015

Abstract:

Cellular turnover represents a fundamental aspect of immunological homeostasis. While many factors appear to regulate leukocyte removal during inflammatory resolution, recent studies suggest that members of the galectin family play a unique role in orchestrating this process. Unlike cellular removal through apoptotic cell death, several members of the galectin family induce surface expression of phosphatidylserine (PS), a phagocytic marker on cells undergoing apoptosis, in the absence of cell death. However, similar to PS on cells undergoing apoptosis, galectin-induced PS exposure sensitizes cells to phagocytic removal. As galectins appear to prepare cells for phagocytic removal without actually inducing apoptotic cell death, this process has recently been coined preaparesis. Given the unique characteristics of galectin-induced PS exposure in the context of preaparesis, we will examine important considerations when evaluating the potential impact of different galectin family members on PS exposure and cell viability.